Enhancing the capacity of sustainable development of energy saving and emission reduction in China
From the north and south of the river to the inside and outside of the Great Wall, people are surprised to find that the blue sky is increasing, the water is getting clear, the mountains are greener, and the air in the big cities is getting cleaner and cleaner. These gratifying changes are inextricably linked to energy saving and emission reduction actions in recent years.
Zhou Hongchun, a researcher at the development research center of the State Council, said that since the United Nations Conference on environment and development in 1992, the strategy of sustainable development has become the consensus of the world. In order to realize the sustainable development of the economy and society, the Chinese government, starting from the main characteristics of the basic national conditions and the stage of development, creatively adopts practical measures to promote the transformation of the mode of development and the adjustment of the industrial structure. Energy saving and emission reduction is one of the important measures.
It is a system innovation to integrate the two energy saving and emission reduction measures that are linked and different. Generally speaking, energy saving is beneficial to environmental protection. " Zhou Hongchun said.
In order to save resources, protect the environment and cope with climate change, in April 2007, the State Council convened a national conference on energy saving and emission reduction, and Premier Wen Jiabao deployed energy saving and emission reduction. Since then, the State Council has issued a comprehensive work plan for energy conservation and emission reduction, and put forward 45 specific work arrangements. Many provinces (districts and cities) have established leadership and coordination mechanisms to implement the responsibility system and policy measures. The efforts of governments at all levels to promote energy conservation and emission reduction are further intensified.
In order to put the goal of energy saving and emission reduction to reality, our country has adopted economic, legal and necessary administrative means: to adjust the industrial structure, implement key projects, promote advanced technology and products, promote energy conservation in key areas, develop circular economy, promote market mechanism, improve economic policies and improve the standards of regulations, We should strengthen the construction of capacity and carry out extensive publicity.
According to the data provided by the national development and Reform Commission, "11th Five-Year", the state has arranged a central fund of 225 billion yuan, supporting ten key energy saving projects, urban sewage treatment facilities and supporting pipe network construction, water pollution prevention and environmental protection in key basins, energy conservation and environmental protection, and so on, leading the whole society to invest about 1 trillion and 600 billion yuan. The formation of energy saving capacity of about 3.4 million tons of standard coal, new urban sewage treatment capacity of about 65000000 tons, coal-fired power plants over 578 million KW.
In the field of energy conservation in key areas, China has organized thousands of enterprises to save energy. These high energy consumption enterprises actively promote energy conservation and emission reduction. Through the development of energy audit, the compilation of energy saving planning, the implementation of energy efficiency level and the status of energy utilization, the consumption and waste of energy resources are significantly reduced. During the "11th Five-Year" period, these enterprises saved 1.65 million tons of standard coal.
In Jiangsu Jiangyin Xingcheng Special Steel Works Co, the company has learned that the enterprise has set up a Research Institute of energy conservation and emission reduction. It has successively implemented a series of projects such as energy management, waste heat recovery, sewage treatment, sintering machine flue gas desulfurization and so on, and completed the task of energy saving and emission reduction by higher authorities two years earlier. Zhang Wenji, the general manager of the company, said: "over the past 5 years, the company has invested 1 billion yuan for energy conservation reform and completed a cumulative total of more than 37 tons of standard coal, realizing a win-win situation of energy saving and reducing the cost and increasing efficiency."
During the period of 11th Five-Year, China strengthened industrial policy and project management, improved the access threshold for energy conservation and environmental protection, strictly controlled land, environmental protection, energy consumption, credit and so on, adjusted the export policy of high energy consumption products to curb the rapid growth of high energy consumption and high emission industries. During this period, the country closed down 76 million 825 thousand kilowatts of small thermal power units with high energy consumption and high emissions, exceeding the annual installed capacity of the UK.
Energy saving and emission reduction are inseparable from the promotion of energy-efficient technologies and products. In recent years, the state has issued the two batch of national key energy-saving technology promotion directory. According to Zhao Jiarong, Deputy Secretary General of the national development and Reform Commission, China implements the project of Huimin for energy saving products. In the past 3 years, the central financial subsidy funds are arranged by about 33000000000 yuan, 520 million energy saving lamps, about 50000000 efficient energy-saving air conditioners, about 4600000 energy-saving cars and about 5000000 high efficiency electric machines are introduced. Kilowatts, directly driving the consumption of about 500000000000 Yuan to achieve the annual energy saving of 12 million 500 thousand tons of standard coal, of which electricity saving about 31 billion kwh, fuel saving 1 million 300 thousand tons, carbon dioxide reduction of about 30 million tons.
This policy of benefiting thousands of households not only saves consumers and users the cost of saving about 70000000000 yuan for high efficiency and energy saving products (the financial subsidies bring in a decrease in the price of terminal sales), and the cost of saving electricity (oil) in the life cycle of the product is about 130000000000 yuan.
In May this year, the central government arranged 36 billion 300 million yuan for the promotion of four categories of energy saving appliances, high efficiency lighting, energy saving cars and high efficiency motors. It is estimated that the consumption demand is about 450 billion yuan and the annual energy saving is about 12 million tons of standard coal, of which power saving is about 32 billion 300 million kwh.
The use of price leverage has also played a positive role in energy conservation and emission reduction. In recent years, China has implemented the reform of the price of refined oil and tax and tax, the implementation of the tariff policy of the flue gas desulphurization unit, the implementation of the differential electricity price policy for the high energy consumption products which are restricted and eliminated, the preferential tax incentives for the energy-saving and water-saving and environmental protection equipment, and the adjustment of the tax rate of different passenger vehicles.