According to the website of the Ministry of environmental protection, the Minister of environmental protection, Zhou Shengxian, recently stressed that increasing environmental protection in rural areas has already exceeded the environmental capacity of rivers, lakes, grasslands and wetlands, and is determined to withdraw from a part of the population and industry.
Zhou Shengxian suggested that important ecosystems should be recuperated. The ecological red line should be delineated in important ecological functional areas, land and marine sensitive areas and vulnerable areas. With regard to rivers, lakes, grasslands and wetlands that discharge pollutants beyond their environmental capacity, they are determined to quit part of the population and industry.
The 2012 ecological civilization Guiyang conference was held in Guiyang in from July 27th to 28th by the CPPCC National Committee of the people's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of environmental protection, the Ministry of housing and urban and rural construction, the Peking University and the people's Government of Guizhou province. Zhou Shengxian was invited to attend the conference and made the keynote speech on "ecological civilization construction and sustainable development".
In his speech, Zhou Shengxian pointed out that China's exploration and promotion of the construction of ecological civilization has experienced a historical process from spontaneity to self-consciousness, which is basically synchronized with the international community's understanding of environmental and development issues.
Zhou Shengxian said that the review of the development of human environmental protection was marked by the four World Conference on environment and development, and four historic leaps have taken place in human understanding of environmental problems.
The first leap was the first United Nations Conference on human environment held in Stockholm, Sweden in from June 5 to 16, 1972. The conference adopted the Declaration on the human environment and established "the interests of this generation and the future generations" as the common view and common principle of the human environment.
The second leap was the United Nations Conference on environment and Development held in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil in from June 3 to 14, 1992. For the first time, the conference recognized the economic development and environmental protection, put forward the strategy of sustainable development, and became the common development strategy of all mankind.
The third leap is the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg, South Africa from August 26, 2002 to September 4th. The conference put forward three pillars of the famous sustainable development: economic development, social progress and environmental protection. It is clear that economic and social development must be combined with environmental protection in order to ensure the sustainable development of the world and the prosperity of human beings.
The fourth leap is the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil in from June 20th to 22nd this year.
These four leaps fully reflect the deepening of human society's understanding of the issue of the circular hair, providing important reference and external conditions for China to put forward and promoting the construction of ecological civilization, further enriching and deepening the theory of sustainable development, which is conducive to the advancement of human society on a higher level of civilization.
Zhou Shengxian pointed out that China's construction of ecological civilization is actively taking part in cooperation and governance in the field of international environmental development, but also in time to strengthen the strategic measures to strengthen environmental protection in China in accordance with the needs of new situations and new tasks.
Zhou Shengxian stressed that the environment and development situation at home and abroad showed that the direction of further strengthening environmental protection and promoting the construction of ecological civilization has been clear. It is necessary to take the times and make a difference and carry forward the leading and practitioner of the construction of ecological civilization.
First, we should complete the task of reducing the emission of major pollutants. We should resolutely implement the "12th Five-Year" comprehensive work plan for energy saving and emission reduction, put the structural emission reduction in a more prominent position, and continue to strengthen the project emission reduction and management reduction. We should implement total coal consumption control in key areas of joint prevention and control of air pollution and promote coordinated emission reduction of various pollutants.
Two, we should give full play to the role of environmental protection and economic development. We should accelerate the green transformation of economic development mode, promote industrial structure adjustment through environmental impact assessment, lead the enterprise technological progress through environmental standards, and vigorously develop the energy saving and environmental protection industry.
Three, we should give priority to solving the outstanding environmental problems that harm the health of the masses. We should conscientiously strengthen the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution, establish lifelong accountability system for chemical and hazardous waste environmental pollution and the whole process of administrative accountability. We should do our best to deal with unexpected environmental emergencies, reduce people's lives and property losses and damage to the ecological environment.
Four we should strengthen the environmental protection in rural areas. We should continue to deepen the policy of "promoting the treatment by rewards" in rural areas, strengthen the treatment of rural domestic sewage and domestic waste, and promote the prevention and control of livestock and poultry pollution.
The five must make the important ecosystem recuperate. The ecological red line should be delineated in important ecological functional areas, land and marine sensitive areas and vulnerable areas. With regard to rivers, lakes, grasslands and wetlands that discharge pollutants beyond their environmental capacity, they are determined to quit part of the population and industry.
Six, we should study the objectives and policies and measures of ecological civilization construction, implement the index system of ecological civilization construction, and incorporate it into the performance appraisal of local people's governments at various levels.