The national development and Reform Commission introduced the implementation opinions of encouraging and guiding private enterprises to develop strategic emerging industries last year. What has been the effect of policy in the past year? Is private capital treated equally? The reporter interviewed Ren Zhiwu, deputy director of the high tech Industry Department of the development and Reform Commission.
Creating a market environment for fair competition and equal access
Ren Zhiwu said that the high tech Industry Department of the development and Reform Commission, through the research on the development of strategic emerging industries, and the joint convening of the provincial and municipal development and Reform Commission and the private entrepreneurs symposium with the Federation of industry and commerce, has realized that the implementation of the implementation opinion has achieved good results in the past year, and for the private enterprises all over the country. The development of strategic emerging industries and private capital has gained more opportunities and larger space.
The provinces and cities actively play a practical role in relaxing the access of private investment, set up the threshold of investment access, create a fair competition and equal access to the market environment, and allow private capital to enter all industries and fields which are not explicitly prohibited by laws and regulations.
Taking Guangdong Province as an example, the Guangdong Provincial Committee and provincial government clearly put forward in the decision to accelerate the construction of the modern industrial system, and further relax the scope of the private capital into the seven fields of strategic emerging industries, basic industries and infrastructure, municipal utilities, and promote the reform of the investment system in the related fields. We should improve the price formation mechanism of public goods and create a favorable market environment for private capital to develop strategic emerging industries.
Equal allocation of public resources
Ren Zhiwu said that the state has given private enterprises the same treatment as other investment entities in the allocation of public resources related to strategic emerging industries.
"In 2011, the central financial strategic emerging industries related funds, will focus on private enterprises, and strongly support." He said.
Last year, in the special fund for the development of the central financial strategic new industry, the major industrial innovation and development project and the major application demonstration project supported 17 private enterprise projects and arranged the national capital 800 million yuan. The only project supported by the major project of genetic engineering was the study of the Shenzhen Hua Da gene of the private enterprise. The hospital is responsible for it.
In the central budget, the relevant departments have supported 41 private enterprise projects such as Jiangsu Heng Shen fiber material Co., Ltd., accounting for 38% of the total number of projects.
In addition, the special fund for SME development in 2011 also supported the strategic emerging industries as a focal point, supporting a total of 75 million projects and supporting 85 projects.
Paying attention to the opinion of the private enterprises and strengthening the ability of innovation
Ren Zhiwu said that the development and Reform Commission and other departments should actively listen to the views of private enterprises in the preparation of the relevant planning process in 12th Five-Year, and seriously absorb them. In the process of drafting the implementation opinions, the development and Reform Commission has listened to the opinions of 5 private enterprises such as UFIDA software Limited by Share Ltd and so on.
In view of the fact that private enterprises are not strong enough to develop strategic emerging industries, the development and Reform Commission has been making efforts to strengthen the building of innovative capabilities of private enterprises in recent years.
Relying on Shenzhen MINDRAY Bio Medical Electronic Limited by Share Ltd and other private enterprises, the development and Reform Commission has built a batch of engineering research centers, engineering laboratories and national enterprise technology centers in the fields of biological medicine, new generation of information technology and other fields.
Other public technology innovation platforms in our country also provide services to private enterprises, which have created a better innovative basic ability guarantee for the development of strategic emerging industries of private enterprises.
In 2011, the special funds for the development of small and medium enterprises were 40 million yuan, and 41 technical service platforms were supported to upgrade and upgrade projects; the first batch of 99 National Demonstration platforms for public service for small and medium enterprises were identified; and the preferential policies for the import of scientific and technological development supplies were applied to the demonstration platform of public service for small and medium-sized enterprises in the state.
Support the financing of private enterprises and carry out international cooperation
According to Ren Zhiwu, in recent years, the state has supported private enterprises to make full use of new financial instruments.
In 2011, 41 new venture capital funds were approved by the national new industry venture capital investment plan, of which the state subsidized funds were 2 billion 50 million yuan, and the local government and social funds were guided by about 9 billion yuan.
So far, a total of 61 venture capital funds have been set up in the new industry venture capital project, of which the state subsidized funds are 3 billion 50 million yuan, and the local government and social funds have been guided more than 14 billion yuan.
"These venture capital funds will provide an important source of funding for private enterprises to develop strategic emerging industries. In 2011, special funds for small and medium enterprises were allocated 480 million yuan to subsidize 566 enterprises providing guarantee for SMEs.
China also uses various bilateral and multilateral mechanisms and platforms to encourage private enterprises to carry out various forms of international cooperation. For example, the relevant departments have encouraged Huarui, Jin Feng and other wind power equipment manufacturing enterprises to implement "go out" strategy, set up subsidiaries in Europe, Australia and America, merge foreign enterprises, set up R & D centers, and set up an international business strategy.
At present, the development and Reform Commission is studying and formulating the directories of strategic emerging industry products and services, and working together with the National Bureau of statistics to study and formulate a statistical monitoring system for strategic emerging industries, which will lay the foundation for the timely release of relevant industrial information and the guidance of private capital to the strategic new industry.